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Sunday, May 10, 2015

Download computer system organization by bakshi EBooks | Read online computer system organization by bakshi EBooks

Download computer system organization by bakshi EBooks | Read online computer system organization by bakshi EBooks




Computer Organization,
Structure of a Computer System Brief history of computers, Von Neumann architecture, Functional units, Bus structures and Interconnection networks, Performance.Data Types and Computer Arithmetic Scalar data types, Fixed and floating point numbers, Signed numbers, Integer arithmetic, 2 s Complement multiplication, Booths algorithm, Hardware Implementation, Division restoring and Non-restoring algorithms, Floating point representations, IEEE standards, Floating point arithmetic.Control Unit DesignMachine instructions and addressing modes, Single bus CPU, Control unit operation: Instruction sequencing, Micro-operations, (Register Transfer).Hardwired control : Design methods, Design examples : Multiplier CU.Micro-programmed control : Basic concepts, Microinstruction-sequencing and execution, Micro-program control, Applications of microprogramming, Emulator.Processor DesignCPU Architecture, Register organization, Instruction set-instruction types, instruction formats (Intel, Motorola processors), Instruction cycles, Instruction pipelining, Types of operands, Addressing modes (Intel, Motorola processors), ALU design-ALU organization. Memory Organisation Characteristics of memory systems, Internal and external memory, Chip packaging. Main Memory - ROM, PROM, EPROM, EEPROM, RAM : SRAM, DRAM, SDRAM, RDRAM, error correction.High-speed memories : Cache memory, Organization and mapping, Replacement algorithms, Cache coherence, MESI protocol.Interleaved and associative memories, Performance characteristics, Virtual memory : Main memory allocation, Segmentation, Paging.Secondary storage : Magnetic disk, Tape, DAT, RAID, Optical memory, CDROM, DVD.I/O OrganisationInput/output systems, Programmed I/O, Interrupt Driven I/O, I/O channels, Direct Memory Access (DMA), Buses and standard Interfaces : Synchronous, Asynchronous, Parallel, Serial, PCI, SCSI, USB Ports.Peripherals : Keyboard, Mouse, Scanners, Video Displays, Dot-matrix, Desk-jet, Laser Printers,ultiprocessor ConfigurationsClosely coupled and loosely coupled multiprocessor architectures, Problems of bus contentions. Interprocess communications, Coprocessor and I/O Processor, Bus controller, Bus arbitration, System Bus-Uni-Bus, Multibus.RISC and Superscalar Processors : RISC - features, Register file, RISC Vs CISC, Superscalar processors - Overview, Organization.
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Computer Architecture & Organisation,
History and evolution of computers, Architecture of a general purpose computer, Stored program computer operation.Data Path DesignComputer system design, Gate level design, Register level design and processor level design, Fixed point arithmetic, Data paths of Two s complement addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, Booths algorithm for multiplication, Floating point arithmetic and data path of floating point ALU.Processor DesignCPU organization and operation, Accumulator based CPU, CPU with general registers, Instruction types, Formats and addressing arithmetic - logic unit design, Sequential ALUs, Structure of a basic sequential ALU, Register files, Co-processors and pipeline processors, RISC and CISC computers.Control DesignGeneral structure of hardwired and micro-programmed control units, Hardwired control design, State tables, Greatest common divisor processor, Classical design of the gcd processor control unit, Design of a typical of CPU control unit, Micro-programmed control, Control unit organization, Microinstruction addressing and timing, Micro-program sequences, Pipeline control, Instruction pipeline, Structure multistage pipeline, Organization of CPU with multistage instruction pipeline, Pipeline performance, Measures.Memory OrganizationOrganization of multilevel memory system in a computer, Main memory: Random access memory organization, Semiconductor RAMs, RAM's design structure of D-RAM chip, Secondary memory : Several access memory, Access methods, Memory organization magnetic disc and tape reluctant array of inexpensive disks, Memories, Optical memory and read out devices.High Speed Cache Memory SystemCache and virtual memory, Address translation with segmentation and paging with caches, Cache organization, Operation address mapping associative memory, Cache types and performance.System Buses and I/O, CommunicationBuses, Bus interfacing timing bus arbitration, I/O and system control, I/O control methods, Programmed I/O, I/O processors: I/O instruction types, Measures, I/OP organization, CPU and IOP interaction.Multiple Advanced Processor OrganizationsParallel processing shared and distributed memory computers, Processor interconnection network structures and performance, Multiprocessors(MIMD).
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Electronic Measurement Systems,

by U.A.Bakshi
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Basic Electronics,

by A.P.Godse
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Computer Organization and Architecture,Designing for Performance
Computer Organization & Architecture: Designing for Performance, Seventh Edition provides comprehensive, far-reaching, and up-to-date coverage of computer organization and architecture, including memory, I/O, and parallel systems. Author and consultant William Stallings systematically covers the state of the art, from superscalar and IA-64 design to the latest trends in parallel processor organization. Throughout, he illuminates fundamental principles, while focusing on the critical role of performance in driving computer design, and practical techniques for designing balanced systems that maximize utilization of all elements.
by William Stallings
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Electronic Measurement Systems,
Accuracy, Resolution, Precision, Linearity of measuring instruments, Voltage, Current, Resistance, Measurement using DMM and , Autozero, Autoranging, True RMS measurement principle, Method and application, Phase and magnitude measurement at high frequency using instruments such as vector voltmeter and vector impedance meter, LCR-Q meter, Principle of digital LCR-Q meter, Important specification and application.Standards - Primary, secondary, working. Need of calibration, Procedure, Traceability and it s requirements, Statistical analysis - Mean, Mode, Deviation, Variance and Probability for error finding. Regression analysis, Various methods and it s advantages, Time, Frequency, Ratio, Time interval, Period and Multiple Period averaging using digital universal frequency counter, High frequency measurements on frequency counter using various techniques such as pre-scalar, Heterodyne, Time standards - Stability using oscillators like TCXO, OCXO.Overview of analog CRO, Dual/Multi-trace CRO, Block diagram, Functioning, Specifications and applications, Various CRO probes and its applications.Digital Storage Oscilloscope - Block diagram, Functioning, Specifications and applications, Advantages as compared to analog CRO, Sampling speed and memory depth of DSO, Design considerations, Attachments to DSO for enhancing the functionality / Measurements such as FFT, MATHS functions, Automatic measurements.Signal analyzing instrument, Harmonic and wave analyzer, Distortion factor meter spectrum analyzer - FFT analyzer, Logic analyzer, Protocol analyzer, For all above mentioned instruments explanation of block diagram with function of each block, Important specification and applications of each.Communication measurements, Measurements on transmitter and receiver : Sensitivity, Selectivity, Phase jitter, s/n ratio, Co-channel interference, SINAD test etc. Network analyzer - system element, Measurement accuracy, Scalar network analyzer, Vector network analyzer, S-parameter measurement using network analyzer.Computer controlled test measurements, Virtual measurements and its application in TDM, FDM, ASK, PSK, IEEE 488, PCI/PCI express, Buses, Introduction of Lab view.
by K.A.Bakshi A.V.Bakshi U.A.Bakshi
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Digital Logic Design,

by A.P.Godse
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Computer Organisation and Architecture,
OverviewGeneral organization and architecture; Structural/functional view of a computer; Evolution/brief history of computers.System busesComputer components-memory, cpu, i/o; Interconnection structures; Bus interconnection, multiple bus hierarchies, pci bus structure.Memory organizationInternal memory-characteristics, hierarchy; Semiconductor main memory-types of ram, chip logic, memory module organisation; cache memory-elements of cache design, address mapping and translation, replacement algorithms; Advanced dram organization; Performance characteristics of two-level memories; External memory : magnetic disk, tape, raid, optical memory; High speed memories : associative and interleaved memories.Data path designFixed point representation; Floating point representation; Design of basic serial and parallel high speed adders, subtractors, multipliers, Booth's algorithm; The arithmetic and logic unit (ALU) : Combinational and sequential ALU's.The central processing unitBasic instruction cycle; Instructions sets, formats and addressing; Processor organization;Register organization; Instruction pipelining; Co-processors, pipeline processors; RISC computers, RISC versus CISC characteristics.The control unitMicro-operations; Hardwired implementation; Microprogrammed control; Micro-instruction format; Applications of microprogramming.Input and output unitExternal devices : keyboard, monitor, disk drive and device drivers; I/O modules : programmed I/O, interrupt driven I/O, DMA, I/O channels and I/O processors; Serial transmission and synchronization.Multiple processor organizationsFlynn's classification of parallel processing systems; Pipelining concepts.
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Cloud Computing,Concepts, Technology, & Architecture
Explores cloud computing, breaking down the concepts, models, mechanisms, and architectures of this technology while allowing for the financial assessment of resources and how they compare to traditional storage systems.
by Thomas Erl
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Computer Architecture,

by A.P.Godse
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Digital Ic Applications,
CMOS LogicIntroduction to logic families, CMOS logic, CMOS steady state electrical behavior, CMOS dynamic electrical behavior, CMOS logic families.Bipolar Logic and Interfacing Bipolar logic, Transistor logic, TTL families, CMOS/TTL interfacing, Low voltage CMOS logic and interfacing, Emitter coupled logic, Comparison of logic families, Familiarity with standard 74XX and CMOS 40XX series, ICs-Specifications.The VHDL Hardware Description Language Design flow, Program structure, Types and constants, Functions and procedures, Libraries and packages.The VHDL Design ElementsStructural design elements, Data flow design elements, Behavioral design elements, Time dimension and simulation synthesis.Combinational Logic DesignDecoders, Encoders, Three state devices, Multiplexers and demultiplexers, Code converters, EX-OR gates and parity circuits, Comparators, Adders and subtractors, ALUs, Combinational multipliers. VHDL code for the above ICs.Design Examples (using VHDL) Design examples (using VHDL) Barrel shifter, Comparators, Floating-point encoder, Dual parity encoder.Sequential Logic Design Latches and flip-flops, PLDs, Counters, Shift register and their VHDL models, Synchronous design methodology, Impediments to synchronous design.Memories ROMs : Internal structure, 2D-decoding commercial types, Timing and applications. Static RAM : Internal structure, SRAM timing, Standard SRAMS, Synchronous SRAMS.Dynamic RAM : Internal structure, Timing, Synchronous DRAMs. Familiarity with component data sheets-Cypress CY6116, CY7C1006, Specifications.
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Architecture-Independent Programming for Wireless Sensor Networks,

by Amol B. Bakshi
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Microprocessor And Control Systems,

by A.P.Godse
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Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health,
The field of ecosystem health explores the interactions between natural systems, human health, and social organization. As decision makers require a sound, modular approach to environmental management and sustainable development, ecosystem health assessment indicators are increasingly used across any number of applications. The Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health provides a comprehensive account and guidebook to ecological indicators for evaluating the health of a wide variety of ecosystems. The book presents a conceptual framework for selecting, evaluating, and validating ecological indicators of ecosystem health, such as thermodynamics, resilience estimates, exergy, and emergy indicators. This framework is applied in a series of chapters on major ecosystem types, including coastal areas, forests, wetlands, fisheries, and agricultural land. The authors take into account biodiversity, energy needs, ecological economics, and natural capital in their measurement of ecological health. Using material synthesized from a variety of books, journals, and private research, the book presents first-hand accounts of the indicators, used in several different types of ecosystems. Case studies highlight the advantages and disadvantages of each method as well. The Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health explains what is needed to apply the methods and indicators, including theoretical background and modeling techniques, to evaluate the state of a given ecosystem. It will be useful for a wide range of environmental managers, natural resource managers, land use planners, and policy makers in government and non-governmental organizations worldwide.
by Sven E. Jorgensen
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Nonlinear Model Based Process Control,
The increasingly competitive environment within which modern industry has to work means that processes have to be operated over a wider range of conditions in order to meet constantly changing performance targets. Add to this the fact that many industrial operations are nonlinear, and the need for on-line control algorithms for nonlinear processes becomes clear. Major progress has been booked in constrained model-based control and important issues of nonlinear process control have been solved. The present book surveys the state of the art in nonlinear model-based control technology, by writers who have actually created the scientific profile. A broad range of issues are covered in depth, from traditional nonlinear approaches to nonlinear model predictive control, from nonlinear process identification and state estimation to control-integrated design. Recent advances in the control of inverse response and unstable processes are presented. Comparisons with linear control are given, and case studies are used for illustration.
by RĂ„±dvan Berber
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