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Saturday, May 16, 2015

Download computernetworks by d.a.godse EBooks | Read online computernetworks by d.a.godse EBooks

Download computernetworks by d.a.godse EBooks | Read online computernetworks by d.a.godse EBooks




Computer Organization,
Structure of a Computer System Brief history of computers, Von Neumann architecture, Functional units, Bus structures and Interconnection networks, Performance.Data Types and Computer Arithmetic Scalar data types, Fixed and floating point numbers, Signed numbers, Integer arithmetic, 2 s Complement multiplication, Booths algorithm, Hardware Implementation, Division restoring and Non-restoring algorithms, Floating point representations, IEEE standards, Floating point arithmetic.Control Unit DesignMachine instructions and addressing modes, Single bus CPU, Control unit operation: Instruction sequencing, Micro-operations, (Register Transfer).Hardwired control : Design methods, Design examples : Multiplier CU.Micro-programmed control : Basic concepts, Microinstruction-sequencing and execution, Micro-program control, Applications of microprogramming, Emulator.Processor DesignCPU Architecture, Register organization, Instruction set-instruction types, instruction formats (Intel, Motorola processors), Instruction cycles, Instruction pipelining, Types of operands, Addressing modes (Intel, Motorola processors), ALU design-ALU organization. Memory Organisation Characteristics of memory systems, Internal and external memory, Chip packaging. Main Memory - ROM, PROM, EPROM, EEPROM, RAM : SRAM, DRAM, SDRAM, RDRAM, error correction.High-speed memories : Cache memory, Organization and mapping, Replacement algorithms, Cache coherence, MESI protocol.Interleaved and associative memories, Performance characteristics, Virtual memory : Main memory allocation, Segmentation, Paging.Secondary storage : Magnetic disk, Tape, DAT, RAID, Optical memory, CDROM, DVD.I/O OrganisationInput/output systems, Programmed I/O, Interrupt Driven I/O, I/O channels, Direct Memory Access (DMA), Buses and standard Interfaces : Synchronous, Asynchronous, Parallel, Serial, PCI, SCSI, USB Ports.Peripherals : Keyboard, Mouse, Scanners, Video Displays, Dot-matrix, Desk-jet, Laser Printers,ultiprocessor ConfigurationsClosely coupled and loosely coupled multiprocessor architectures, Problems of bus contentions. Interprocess communications, Coprocessor and I/O Processor, Bus controller, Bus arbitration, System Bus-Uni-Bus, Multibus.RISC and Superscalar Processors : RISC - features, Register file, RISC Vs CISC, Superscalar processors - Overview, Organization.
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Computer Architecture & Organisation,
History and evolution of computers, Architecture of a general purpose computer, Stored program computer operation.Data Path DesignComputer system design, Gate level design, Register level design and processor level design, Fixed point arithmetic, Data paths of Two s complement addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, Booths algorithm for multiplication, Floating point arithmetic and data path of floating point ALU.Processor DesignCPU organization and operation, Accumulator based CPU, CPU with general registers, Instruction types, Formats and addressing arithmetic - logic unit design, Sequential ALUs, Structure of a basic sequential ALU, Register files, Co-processors and pipeline processors, RISC and CISC computers.Control DesignGeneral structure of hardwired and micro-programmed control units, Hardwired control design, State tables, Greatest common divisor processor, Classical design of the gcd processor control unit, Design of a typical of CPU control unit, Micro-programmed control, Control unit organization, Microinstruction addressing and timing, Micro-program sequences, Pipeline control, Instruction pipeline, Structure multistage pipeline, Organization of CPU with multistage instruction pipeline, Pipeline performance, Measures.Memory OrganizationOrganization of multilevel memory system in a computer, Main memory: Random access memory organization, Semiconductor RAMs, RAM's design structure of D-RAM chip, Secondary memory : Several access memory, Access methods, Memory organization magnetic disc and tape reluctant array of inexpensive disks, Memories, Optical memory and read out devices.High Speed Cache Memory SystemCache and virtual memory, Address translation with segmentation and paging with caches, Cache organization, Operation address mapping associative memory, Cache types and performance.System Buses and I/O, CommunicationBuses, Bus interfacing timing bus arbitration, I/O and system control, I/O control methods, Programmed I/O, I/O processors: I/O instruction types, Measures, I/OP organization, CPU and IOP interaction.Multiple Advanced Processor OrganizationsParallel processing shared and distributed memory computers, Processor interconnection network structures and performance, Multiprocessors(MIMD).
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Computer Architecture,

by A.P.Godse
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Digital Computer Fundamentals,
Digital ConceptsDigital computer fundamentals, Block diagram of a computer, Components of a computer system, Digital and analog quantities, Binary digits, Logic levels, Digital waveforms, Basic logic operations, Digital integrated circuits.Number SystemsNumber representation, Decimal, Binary, Octal, Hexadecimal and BCD numbers, Binary arithmetic, Binary addition, Unsigned and signed numbers, One's and two's complements of binary numbers, Arithmetic operations with signed numbers, Number system conversions, Digital codes.Boolean Algebra and Logic SimplificationLogic gates, AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, XOR and XNOR, Laws and rules of Boolean algebra, DeMorgan's theorems, Standard forms of Boolean expressions, Sum of products, Product of sums, Boolean expression and truth tables, Boolean expression minimization using Boolean laws, The Karnaugh map, Sum of products and products of sum minimization.Hardware and Software Processing devices, Memory devices, Input and output devices, Optical input devices, Audiovisual input devices, Monitors, Printing devices, Storage devices, Magnetic and optical storage devices, System software, Application software, Graphics and multimedia.Networking FundamentalsData communication with standard telephone lines, Modems, Digital data connections, Broadband connections, DSL technologies, Cable modem connections, Computer networking basics, Common types of networks, Structuring of networks, Network media and hardware.
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Computer Programming,
Basics of Computer and Information TechnologyDigital computer fundamentals, Block diagram of a computer, Component of computer system, Hardware and software definitions, Categories of software, Booting, Installing and uninstalling software, Software piracy, Software terminologies, Applications of computers, Role of information technology, History of Internet, Internet services.Problem Solving MethodologyProblem solving techniques, Program, Program development cycle, Algorithm, Design, Flowchart, Program control structures, Types and generation of programming languages, Development of algorithms for simple problems.Basic Elements of CC, Lexical elements of C, Operators and expressions, Operator precedence and associativity of operators, Input and Output Functions, Simple computational problems.Decision MakingControl statements, Branching, looping, Nested control structures, Switch, Break, Continue, goto statements, Problems using control structures.Functions and Program StructuresPrototypes and functions, Declaring, Defining and accessing functions, Parameter passing methods, Recursion, Storage classes, auto, Extern, Static and register, Library functions, Programs using functions.ArraysDefine and processing arrays, Passing arrays to functions, Multi-dimensional arrays, Strings and basic operations on strings, Enumerated data types, Programs using simple sorting, Searching and merging of arrays.PointersPointer concept, Declaration, Accessing variable through pointer, Initializing pointer variable, Pointers and Functions, Pointers and arrays, Pointers and structures, Example programs using pointers with function, Arrays and structures, Command line arguments, Dynamic memory allocation, Operations on pointers.Structures, Unions and File handlingStructures - User defined data types, Union, Nested structures, Passing structures to functions, Self referential structures, File pointer, High level file operations, Opening and closing of file, Creating, Processing and Updation on files, Simple file handling programs.Linked ListsSingly Linked list, Creation, Insertion and Deletion of elements, Stack and Queue implementation using linked list.
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Microprocessor & Its Applications,

by A.P.Godse
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Computer Concepts And C Programming,
Computer SystemsThe Computer defined, Computers for individual users, Computers for organizations, The parts of a computer system, The information processing cycle, Essential computer hardware.Interacting with ComputerThe Keyboard - The standard keyboard layout, How the computer accepts input from the keyboard, The mouse, Variants of the mouse, Inputting data in other ways - Devices for the hand, Optical Input Devices, Audiovisual Input Devices.Video and sound - Monitors, Data projectors, Sound systems, Printing - Commonly used printers - Dot matrix printers, Ink jet printers, Laser printers.Processing DataTransforming Data into Information : How computers represent data, How computers process data, Factors affecting processing speed, Microcomputer processors, Extending the processor's power to other devices.Storing DataTypes of storage devices, Measuring and improving drive performance.Using Operating SystemsOperating system basics, The purpose of operating system, Types of operating system, Providing a user interface, PC operating systems - DOS; Windows - NT workstation, 9X, 2000 Professional, XP, Linux for the desktop.Networks and the InternetNetworking basic - the uses of a network, Common types of networks, Network topologies and protocols, What is the Internet? Internet's major services, Understanding the world wide web, Using E-mail.Algorithms and FlowchartsAlgorithms, Flowcharts, Divide and conquer strategy. Writing algorithms and drawing flowcharts for simple exercises - Swapping contents of 2 variables, Largest of given three numbers, Solving a given quadratic equation, Factorial of a given integer.Constants, Variables and Data typesCharacters set, C tokens, Keywords and Identifiers, Constants, Variables, Data types, Declaration of variables.Operators and ExpressionsArithmetic operators, Relational operators, Logical operators, Assignment operators, Increment and Decrement operators, Conditional operator, Bitwise operators, Special operators, Arithmetic expressions, Evaluation of expressions, Precedence of Arithmetic operators, Type conversions in expressions, Operator precedence and associativity.Managing Input and Output OperationsReading a character, Writing a character, Formatted Input, Formatted OutputDecision Making and BranchingDecision making with if statement, Simple if statement, The if&else statement, Nesting of if&else statements, The else& if ladder, The switch statement, The ?: operator, The Goto statementDecision Making and LoopingThe while statement, The do statement, The for statement, Jumps in LoopsArraysOne-dimensional Arrays, Declaration of one-dimensional Arrays, Initialization of one-dimensional Array, Two-dimensional Arrays, Initializing two-dimensional Arrays.User-Defined FunctionsNeed for User-defined Functions, A multi-function Program, Elements of User-defined Functions, Definition of Functions, Return Values and their Types, Function Calls, Function Declaration, Category of Functions, No Arguments and no Return Values, Arguments but no Return Values, Arguments with Return Values, No Argument but Returns a Value, Functions that Return Multiple Values.
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Fundamentals of Computing and Programing,

by A.P.Godse
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Introduction To Microprocessor,
Microprocessors Evolution of the Microprocessor, Microcomputer Hardware; The System Bus; The Microprocessor, Memory Organization; Introduction; Main Memory Array Design; Input/Output (I/O); Programmed I/O; Standard I/O Versus Memory Mapped I/O; Unconditional and Conditional Programmed I/O; Typical Microcomputer I/O Circuits; Interrupt Driven I/O; Direct Memory Access (DMA); Summary of Microcomputer I/O Methods; Co-processors; System Software. The 8085 Microprocessor, Address Bus, Multiplexed Address/Data Bus, Control and Status Signals, Power Supply and Clock Frequency, Externally Initiated Signals Including Interrupts, Microprocessor Communication and Bus Timings, Demultiplexing the Bus AD7 AD0, Generating Control Signals, A Detailed Look at the 8085 MPU and its Architecture, The ALU, Timing and Control Unit, Decoding and Executing an Instruction.The 8086/8088 ProcessorsRegister Organization of 8086, Architecture, Signal Descriptions of 8086, Physical Memory Organization, General Bus Operation, I/O Addressing Capability, Special Processor Activities, Minimum Mode 8086 System and Timings, Maximum Mode 8086 System and Timings, The Processor 8088.8086/8088 Instruction Set and Assembler DirectivesMachine Language Instruction Formats, Addressing Modes of 8086, Instruction Set of 8086/8088, Assembler Directives and Operations.The Art of Assembly Language Programming with 8086/8088A Few Machine Level Programs, Machine Coding the Programs, Programming with an Assembler, Assembly Language Example Programs.Special Architectural Features and Related ProgrammingStack, STACK Structure of 8086/88, Interrupts and Interrupt Service Routines, Interrupt Cycle of 8086/8088, Non Maskable Interrupt, Maskable Interrupt (INTR), Interrupt Programming, MACROS, Timings and Delays.Basic Peripherals and their Interfacing with 8086/8088 Semiconductor Memory Interfacing,Dynamic RAM Interfacing, Interfacing I/O Ports, PIO 8255 [Programmable Input Output Port], Modes of Operation of 8255, Interfacing Analog to Digital Data Converters, Interfacing Digital to Analog Converters, Stepper Motor Interfacing, Control of High Power Devices Using 8255.
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Fundmentals Of Programming,
Computer BasicsEvolution of computers, Generations of computers, Classification of computers, Applications of computers, Computer components of a computer system, Hardware, Software booting.Software, Programming and InternetProblem solving techniques, Program control structures, Programming paradigms, Programming languages, Generations of programming languages, Language translators, Features of programming language, Internet, Evolution, Basic Internet terms, Getting connected to Internet-Applications.C FundamentalsIntroduction to C, Constants, Variables, Data types, Operators and expressions, Managing input and output operations, Decision making and branching, Looping.Arrays and FunctionsArrays, Character arrays and strings, User defined functions, Storage classes.Structures and FilesStructures, Definition, Initialization, Array of structures, Structures within structures, Structures and functions, Unions, File management in C.
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Microprocessors And Its Applications,
8085 CPU 8085 Architecture, Instruction set, Addressing modes, Timing diagrams, Assembly language programming, Counters, Time Delays, Interrupts, Memory interfacing, Interfacing, I/O devices.Peripherals Interfacing Interfacing serial I/O (8251), Parallel I/O (8255), Keyboard and Display controller (8279), ADC/DAC interfacing, Inter Integrated Circuits, Interfacing (I2C Standard), Bus : RS232C-RS485-GPIB.8086 CPU Intel 8086 Internal Architecture, 8086 Addressing modes, Instruction set, 8086 Assembly language programming, Interrupts.8051 Microcontroller 8051 Microcontroller hardware, I/O pins, Ports and circuits,External memory, Counters and Timers, Serial data I/O, Interrupts, Interfacing to external memory and 8255.8051 Programming and Applications 8051 instruction set, Addressing modes, Assembly language programming, I/O port programming, Timer and counter programming, Serial communication, Interrupt programming, 8051 Interfacing: LCD, ADC, Sensors, Stepper motors, Keyboard and DAC.
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Logic Design,
Boolean Algebra and Combinational NetworksPrinciple of Duality; Boolean Formulas and Functions : Normal Formulas; Canonical Formulas : Minterm Canonical Formulas, m-Notation; Manipulations of Boolean Formulas: Equation Complementation, Expansion about a Variable, Equation Simplification, The Reduction Theorems, Minterm Canonical Formulas, Maxterm Canonical Formulas, Complements of Canonical Formulas; Gates and Combinational Networks : Gates, Combinational Networks, Analysis Procedure, Synthesis Procedure, A Logic Design Example; Incomplete Boolean Functions and Don't Care Conditions : Describing Incomplete Boolean Functions, Don't Care Conditions in Logic Design; Additional Boolean Operations and Gates : The NAND-Functions, The NOR-Functions, Universal Gates, NAND-Gate Realizations, NOR-Gate Realizations, The Exclusive-OR-Function, The Exclusive-NOR Function.Simplification of Boolean ExpressionsFormulation of the Simplification Problem : Criteria of Minimality, The Simplification Problem; Prime Implicants and Irredundant Disjunctive Expressions : Implies, Subsumes, Implicants and Prime Implicants, Irredundant Disjunctive Normal Formulas; Prime Implicants and Irredundant Conjunctive Expressions; Karnaugh Maps : One-Variable and Two-Variable Maps, Three-Variable and Four-Variable Maps, Karnaugh Maps and Canonical Formulas, Product and Sum Term Representations on Karnaugh Maps; Using Karnaugh Maps to Obtain Minimal Expressions for Complete Boolean Functions : Prime Implicants and Karnaugh Maps, Essential Prime Implicants, Minimal Sums, Minimal Products; Minimal Expressions of Incomplete Boolean Functions : Minimal Sums, Minimal Products; The Quine-McCluskey Method of Generating Prime Implicants and Prime Implicates : Prime Implicants and the Quine - McCluskey Method, Algorithm for Generating Prime Implicants, Prime Implicates and the Quine - McCluskey Method; Prime Implicant/Prime-Implicate Tables and Irredundant Expressions; Petrick's Method of Determining Irredunant Expressions, Prime-Implicate Tables and Irredundant Conjunctive Normal Formulas; Prime Implicant/Prime-Implicate Table Reductions : Essential Prime Implicants, Column and Row Reductions, A Prime - Implicant Selection Procedure; Decimal Method for Obtaining Prime Implicants; Map Entered Variables.Logic Levels and FamiliesLogic Levels, Integration Levels; Output Switching Times, The Propagation Delay, Fan-out and Fan-in, Extension to Other Logic Gates, Logic Cascades.Transistor-Transistor logic; Wired logic, TTL with Totem-Pole output, Thee-state output TTL, Schottky TTL; The MOS Field-Effect-Transistor : Operation of n-Channel, Enhancement-Type MOSFET, The n-Channel Depletion-Type MOSFET, The p-channel MOSFETs, Circuit Symbols, The MOSFET as a Resistor; NMOS and PMOS Logic : The NMOS Inverters, NMOS NOR-Gate, NMOS NAND-Gate, PMOS Logic, performance; The CMOS Inverter, CMOS NOR-Gate, CMOS NAND-Gate, performance, Comparison of the above logic families.Logic Design with MSI Components and Programmable Logic DevicesBinary Adders and Subtractors; Binary Subtractors, Carry Lookahead Adders; Decimal Adders; Comparators; Decoders; Logic Design Using Decoders; Decoders with an Enable Input; Encoders; Multiplexers; Logic Design with Multiplexers; Programmable Logic Devices (PLDs); PLD Notation; Programmable Read-Only Memories (PROMs); Programmable Logic Arrays (PLAs); Programmable Array Logic (PAL) Devices.Flip-Flops and Simple Flip-Flop ApplicationsThe Basic Bistable Element; Latches; The SR Latch, An Application of the SR Latch : A Switch Debouncer, The SR Latch, The Gated SR Latch, The Gated D Latch; Master-Slave Flip-Flops (Pulse-Triggered Flip-Flops); The Master-Slave SR Flip-Flop; The Master-Slave JK Flip-Flop; Edge-Triggered Flip-Flop; The Positive Edge-Triggered D Flip-Flop; Negative Edge-Triggered D flip-flops; Characteristic Equations; Registers; Counters : Binary Ripple Counters, Synchronous Binary Counters, Counters Based on Shift Registers ; Design of Synchronous Counters : Design of a Synchronous Mod-6 Counter Using Clocked JK Flip-Flops, Design of a Synchronous Mod-6 Counter Using Clocked D,T or SR Flip-Flops.Synchronous Sequential NetworksStructure and Operation of Clocked Synchronous Sequential Networks; Analysis of Clocked Synchronous Sequential Networks; Excitation and Output Expressions, Transition Equations, Transition Tables, Excitation Tables, State Tables, State Diagrams Network Terminal Behavior.
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Computer Graphics And Multimedia,

by A.P.Godse
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Digital Systems,
Logic FamiliesParameter definitions-noise margin, power dissipation, voltage and current parameters, propagation delay. Typical values for TTL, CMOS & ECL. Input/output profile for TTL & CMOS TTL logic families-standard TTL, Totem-poll, open collector, tri-state (concept & application). Significance of TTL sub families (L, H, LS, S) & MOS family-importance of (C, HC), PMOS, NMOS (inverter only), CMOS (inverter, AND & NOR).TTL-CMOS/CMOS-TTL interfacing, comparison of TTL & CMOS TTL compatible high speed CMOS series.Combinational Logic Circuits(a) Binary number system - Signed number representation (1 s, 2 s complement & sign magnitude representation).Codes - BCD, GRAY, Seven Segment.Principles of combinational logic : Canonical forms don t care conditions, Minimization techniques (K-maps upto 4 variables only). Quine-Mc Cluskey method (4 variables).Design examples - code converters (binary to gray and gray to binary, BCD to 7 segment IC 7447, 7448)(b) Digital comparators (2-bit, 4-bit using IC 7485), parity generation and checking (IC 74180).Design methodology using MSI ICs. Multiplexer, Demultiplexer (Trees), multivariable function implementation using MUX and decoder. Parallel adder (IC 7483). Look ahead carry generator, arithmetic logic unit (IC 74181).Programmable Logic Devices : Detail architecture, study of PROM, PAL, PLA, designing combinational circuits using PLDs.(Code conversion)Sequential logic circuitStudy of flip-flop, 1 bit latch, clocked S-R, J-K, M/S J-K, T and D F/F, race around condition, flip-flop truthtable, excitation table, flip-flop conversion, flip-flop characteristics.Design of ripple counter using flip-flop (IC 7490, 93) 4 bit up/down (positive negative edge triggered).Shift register (modes of operation), 4 bit bi-directional using D/J-K universal shift registers, application of shift registers (Ring counter, Sequence generator, Johnson s counter) IC 7495/74195.Synchronous sequential m/c sDesign of Synchronous counter using IC 74191, 4 bit up/down mod-n counters. Moore/Mealy m/c s, representation techniques, state diagrams, state tables, state reduction, state assignment, implementation using flip-flops. Applications like sequence generator and detection.A/D and D/A convertersDigital to Analog converters, example of D/A converter IC. Analog to Digital converters, example of A/D converter.Semiconductor memoriesMemory organization and operation, expanding memory size, classification and characteristics of memory, RAM, ROM, EPROM, EEPROM, NVRAM, SRAM, DRAM.
by D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
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Microprocessor - Ii,

by A.P.Godse
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